SAP Calculations For Extensions
Residential Extensions (Part L1b)
If you are building an extension Part L1b of the building regulations requires existing dwellings to have a SAP calculation if they are classed as excessively glazed. This occurs when an extension includes glazing of more than 25% of the extension’s floor area, common examples of when these calculations are required include the construction orangeries, conservatories and extensions with large bi-fold doors, glazed elevations and glazed roofs.
The requirements for residential extensions aren't a strict as new build standards and allow for existing elements of the building to be incorporated into the design.
Upon completion of the building works the SAP calculation is used to prepare the Energy Performance Certificate (EPC).
Methods Of Compliance
Method 1 - Area Weighted U-Value Calculation Method
The area weighted U-Value calculation assesses the proposed U-Values of the actual extension against the notional U-Values set within the requirements of Part L1b table 2 to demonstrate that the heat losses (W -watts) are no worse than the allowable notional equivalent.
Cheaper than Method 2 due to simplicity
Process ignores solar gains
No requirement for full building design
Often requires more insulation and/or better glazing compared to Method 2
Requires only extension drawings for calculation
Offers less design flexibility than Method 2
Method 2 - Whole Dwelling Calculation Method (Actual vs Notional SAP Calculation)
The whole dwelling calculation method assesses the dwelling as a whole, taking into account the existing dwelling and any improvements being made as a result of the extension and the proposed extension. The method is able to take into account solar gains, improvements to the existing dwelling including boiler/heating upgrades, window upgrades and insulation upgrades. This method of calculation does however require a full set of drawings for the existing dwelling and proposed extension.
Includes benefits from upgrading existing elements
Requires more information gathering
Usually requires less insulation
Can take longer than Method 1
Incorporates the benefits of solar gains
Requires a full set of drawings of the whole dwelling
Offers greater design flexibility than Method 1
Slightly more expensive than Method 1 due to larger calculations
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